Cha Xi: Creating a Harmonious Space for a Tea Ritual

Tea drinking in China has been an integral part of the country’s culture for over a millennium. A term commonly used in the country’s tea culture is “Cha Xi,” which refers to the space or theme that tea drinking creates. However, the term’s meaning has evolved over time.

The Origins of Tea Culture in China

Tea culture in China dates back to the Tang dynasty, where tea gatherings were popular among monks, scholars, and even the Emperor himself. The world’s first tractate on tea, the Cha Jing, was written during this period, providing a systematic guide on how to grow, prepare, serve, and enjoy tea.

Tea culture in China reached its pinnacle during the Song dynasty. Tea drinking became a source of inspiration for poets, artists, and literati who would hold tea gatherings in open spaces, recite poems, draw paintings, and sip tea. The Imperial court also organized lavish tea banquets with exuberant decorations. This period saw the integration of various artistic practices, such as incense sticks, flower arrangements, paintings, and scrolls, into tea rituals, forming “The Four Arts” of Antiquity.

The Emergence of “Cha Xi”

Tea gatherings eventually evolved into tea houses and tea rooms during the Ming dynasty. However, the term “Cha Xi” was still unheard of during this period. It was said to have first appeared in Taiwan and then spread to the mainland. Today, the term has both broad and narrow meanings. It can refer to a specifically arranged tea table or tea mat or the entire space dedicated to the tea culture experience.

Defining “Cha Xi”

There are various definitions of “Cha Xi.” According to “Cha Xi Design” by Zhejiang University Press, “Cha Xi” is a cultural space that condenses the essence of tea culture. “A Peek at the Beauty at the Cha Xi” by Kyushu Press defines it as a tea ceremony aesthetic space constructed for tea tasting, with people, tea, utensils, objects, and the environment. It combines with other art forms to form an artistic combination with independent themes and expressions. “Image Chinese Tea Ceremony” by Zhejiang Photography Press defines it as a place for making and drinking tea that includes the operating place for making tea, the seats for guests, and the surrounding layout for the required atmosphere. Finally, “Tea Dinner Tea Party” by Anhui Education Press defines it as a place set up to express the beauty or spirit of the tea ceremony.

Creating a Harmonious Space for a Tea Ritual: The Three Elements of Cha Xi

Cha Xi, or the art of tea, is a traditional Chinese practice that has evolved over the centuries. It emphasizes the connection between nature, the environment, and human beings. The practice involves a tea ceremony that requires specific elements to create an ideal environment for the ceremony. In this article, we will explore the three critical elements of Cha Xi: lighting, music, and utensils.


Lighting plays a crucial role in creating an atmosphere suitable for the tea ceremony. There are three types of lighting that can be used to create a harmonious tea space: general lighting, spot lighting, and mixed lighting. General lighting provides basic lighting for vision, while spot lighting highlights specific areas that require emphasis. Mixed lighting combines both lighting types to create customized effects in the tea room.

In a tea room, general lighting should be soft and warm, with a color tone that is in harmony with the changing seasons. The brightness and tone of the light are essential to meet the basic requirements of vision. Spotlights can be installed directly above the tea table to illuminate the center of the tea tray, drawing people’s attention to the highlighted area.


Music is an essential element of Cha Xi, enhancing the charm and artistic conception of tea art. The selection of music is crucial in creating a perfect ambiance for the tea ceremony. Slow-beat, soothing, and soft music is most appropriate for tea ceremonies, as it helps create a calm and relaxing environment that complements the serene nature of the ceremony.

In addition to background music, theme music can accompany the tea ceremony performance, highlighting specific musical instruments in tune with the performance. This approach adds to the aesthetic value of the tea ceremony and helps showcase the unique cultural elements of different regions.


Tea utensils are the backbone of Cha Xi and the tea ceremony itself. There are four main groups of tea utensils, each serving a specific function. The main tea utensils group includes brewing utensils for making tea, such as teapots, gaiwans, glasses, brewing cups, and teacups. Auxiliary tea utensils include tools for serving tea, such as cha hai, pot mats, lids, tea towels, tea whisks, tea trays, and more. Water preparation devices are responsible for preparing tea water and include tools for using water and discarding bottom leaves and used tea, such as water bowls. Tea utensils for storing tea, such as pots and jars, are essential for the preservation of tea and the maintenance of its quality.

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